The swings and roundabouts of different nations’ carbon-emissions (global 1990-2010)


The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees (TCO) works strategically with issues related to national economy, jobs and welfare In this activity, the question of how economic development should be socially and ecologically sustainable has become increasingly important - especially with regard to energy use and greenhouse gas emissions which are, coincidentally, important competitive factors.

As a part of this strategic work, TCO in this TCO Rio Ranking Report presents data for over 100 countries for the years 1990-2010. Data shows how different countries’ production emissions and consumption emissions developed during this period. UN negotiations have so far been exclusively focused on domestic production emissions.

In practice, consumption-based emissions statistics use domestic production emission data, add on import-related emissions, and omit export-related emissions. Production-based emission statistics as well as consumption-based emission statistics must be calculated and presented because researchers agree that all countries need to review both their production
patterns and consumption patterns in order to achieve sustainable development, to meet environmental targets and to mitigate the greenhouse gases leading to climate change thereby ensuring that the global temperature increase does not exceed two degrees.

The open database,, which constitutes the basis for this report, provides opportunities for everyone to analyze carbon emissions from both the production and the consumption perspective. Different kinds of rankings can be created for all or for selected countries and for varying years/time periods. Our hope is that the database will be used not only to monitor trends, but also to act as a tool for positive emission-reducing change.

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